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Encyclopaedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine, 4 Volumes

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Edited by: Jason Payne-James, R.W. Byard, Tracey Corey, Carol Henderson

ISBN13: 9780125479707
ISBN: 0125479700
Published: July 2005
Publisher: Academic Press
Country of Publication: UK
Format: Hardback, 4 Volumes
Price: Out of print



Increasingly, high profile criminal and civil legal actions around the world highlight the interactions between medicine and the law. Forensic and legal medicine describes the body of knowledge that encompasses this interaction. The terms generally embrace forensic pathology and clinical forensic medicine. However, the nature of forensic and legal medicine is broad and may extend beyond medical and legal issues, into scientific and technical areas, and include specialist roles such as anthropology, toxicology, odontology and psychiatry.

Separate from these issues is the much more widely recognized need to apply moral, ethical and human rights principles in the investigation of certain crimes, whether considering victims or perpetrators. Those involved in the practice of forensic and legal medicine and those in legal, judicial, police and other investigative organizations which require knowledge of aspects of forensic and legal medicine often need to identify appropriate and relevant information. The aim of this Encyclopedia is to provide a reliable starting point for validated information across these fields.

The success of lawsuits and prosecutions is dependent on utilizing the best services available, and knowing when to use them appropriately. All aspects of medicine are now scrutinized, not only by medical, legal and scientific professionals – but also by the lay public. Such scrutiny drives and improves standards – and some of these standards have come about as a result of major cases in criminal and civil courts and other tribunals around the world. The drive for much of this scrutiny derives from the intense review that occurs as a result of events taking place throughout the world in criminal and civil courts. Thus, improved methodology of detecting and documenting evidence, ensuring chains of custody and scientifically testing evidence ensures that appropriate judicial outcomes are achieved.

Teaching of forensic and legal medicine at an undergraduate level is – on a worldwide basis – underemphasized when compared with therapeutic specialities. Paradoxically, barely a day goes by without at least one medical news story being published of legal and forensic relevance and significance. The need for readily accessible knowledge has never been greater.

Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine covers the gamut of forensic and legal medicine and, in essence, is a complete library of the forensic sciences, including odontology, anthropology, toxicology, entomology, criminalistics, and forensic psychiatry. It also includes legal and technical issues, as well as health care, human rights, and ethics regarding both victims and perpetrators.

Subtopics are endless and, to name a few, include the crime scene, DNA profiling, the various abuses suffered by children, police guidelines on postmortem examinations, prints (finger, palm, foot, face, and ear), prions, positional asphyxia, torture, ritualistic crimes, brain death, forensic psychiatry, war crimes, religious beliefs and atheism, various types of traumatic deaths, and decomposition patterns and rates. Many of the references will also have relevance for police, judicial, legal, and other investigative authorities in both providing and collating information.

The volumes are highly authoritative, comprehensive, and diverse, consisting of articles by 279 recognized expert contributors from various disciplines. Notably, articles are also edited by a distinguished and expert editorial advisory board. Articles are succinctly written and richly illustrated with tables, diagrams, and highquality photographs, both color and black-and-white, that clearly illustrate the investigative findings and display important relationships.

The material is presented as a series of alphabetical entries and is well organized so that the reader can readily locate specific information. To that end, three features are provided: “Contents List,” “Cross References,” and an index. A detailed “Contents” section at the beginning of each volume provides a subject’s volume, page number, and a list of its component articles. This article list is repeated on the first page of the respective subject.

Related topics and synonyms are also presented. The extensive cross-references at the ends of articles will lead the reader to additional detailed discussions of a subject, parallel discussions, and to areas that enhance the subject. The subject index is detailed, with three levels of headings, and highlights major discussions, tables, figures, general cross-references, and comparisons. Recommendations for additional reading are another valuable enhancement.

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Subjects:
Medical Law
Contents:
Access to Medical Records - Rights Responsibilities & Limitations
Accreditation: Crime scene investigation
Accreditation: Forensic Specialities Accreditation Board
Accreditation: Toxicology
Age progression - age estimation in the living
Alcohol: Acute and chronic use - post-mortem findings of
Alcohol: Blood and body fluid analysis
Alcohol: Breath alcohol analysis
Allergies
Animal attacks/injuries: Non-fatal and fatal
Animal attacks/injuries: Predation
Anthropology: Archaeology and the excavation and retrieval of forensic remains
Anthropology: Bone pathology and ante-mortem trauma in forensic cases
Anthropology: Cremated bones
Anthropology: Determination of racial affinity
Anthropology: Handedness
Anthropology: Morphological age estimation
Anthropology: Overview
Anthropology: Paediatric and juvenile
Anthropology: Role of DNA
Anthropology: Sex determination
Anthropology: Stature estimation from the skeleton
Anthropology: Taphonomy
Asphyxia: Closed and confined spaces
Asphyxia: Findings in the survivor
Asphyxia: Mechanisms of injury (including crushing)
Asphyxia: Post-mortem findings
Autoerotic death
Autopsy: Adult
Autopsy: Medicolegal considerations
Autopsy: Organ retention and handling
Autopsy: Pediatric
Aviation accidents, role of pathologist
Aviation medicine, illness and limitations for flying
Back-tracking calculations
Ballistic trauma, overview and statistics
Blood Grouping
Body cavity searches, practical issues and consent
Carbon monoxide poisoning: Clinical findings sequelae in survivors
Carbon monoxide poisoning: Incidence and findings at post-mortem
Children: causes of sudden natural infant and childhood death
Children: Childhood accidents
Children: Children and courts
Children: Cultural aspects of inflicted injury
Children: Emotional abuse
Children: Legal protection and rights of children
Children: Physical abuse
Children: Sexual abuse, epidemiology
Children: Sexual abuse, overview
Children: Stages of development and growth
Clinical trials: Good Clinical Practice and Ethical Aspects
Clinical trials: Legal aspects and consent
Cold case review
Coma definitions and differential diagnoses: Adult
Coma definitions and differential diagnoses: Paediatric
Complaints against doctors, healthcare workers and institutions
Computer crime
Consent: Confidentiality and disclosure in relation to medical treatment & Legal Proceedings
Consent: Medical examination in custody
Consent: Treatment without consent
Court systems: China
Court systems: Japan
Court systems: Jewish (Halacha) law
Court systems: Sharii ah law
Court systems: UK
Court systems: US
Courts, report writing
Crime scene management: Continental European system
Crime scene management: UK system
Crime scene management: US system
Crime-scene investigation and examination: Collection and chain of evidence
Crime-scene investigation and examination: Major incident scene management
Crime-scene investigation and examination: Recovery of human remains
Crime-scene investigation and examination: Suspicious deaths
Crime-scene investigation and examination: Underwater crime scene
Criminal Profiling
Crowd control agents: Deployment and planning
Crowd control agents: Medical aspects
Custody: Death in police and prison custody, UK and Continental Europe
Custody: Death in police and prison custody, US
Death: Death scene investigation
Death: Interpretation of postmortem drug measurements
Death: Perioperative and postoperative
Death: Post-mortem changes
Death: Post-mortem findings - drug deaths
Death: Post-mortem findings - fire
Death: Post-mortem findings - organic toxins
Death: Postmortem drug sampling and redistribution
Death: Postmortem electrolyte disturbances
Death: Sports
Death: The infectious autopsy
Death: Trauma, abdominal cavity
Death: Trauma, genito-urinary tract
Death: Trauma, head and spine
Death: Trauma, musculo-skeletal system
Death: Trauma, thorax
Death: Trauma, vascular system
Death investigation: Chinese System (incl. medicolegal death investigator accreditation)
Death Investigation: Japanese System (incl. medicolegal death investigator accreditation)
Death investigation: Nordic systems (incl. medicolegal death investigator accreditation)
Death investigation: second autopsy for nationals dying abroad
Death investigation: UK System (incl. medicolegal death investigator accreditation)
Death investigation: US System (incl. medicolegal death investigator accreditation)
Death, post-mortem findings: drowning (incl. drowning mechanisms)
Decomposition, patterns and rates
Deliberate self-harm: Patterns
Deoxyribonucleic acid: Basic principles
Deoxyribonucleic acid: ethics of its forensic applications and databanks
Deoxyribonucleic acid: Mitochondrial DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid: Postmortem analysis for heritable channelopathies
Deoxyribonucleic acid: Risk of contamination
Deoxyribonucleic acid: Statistical analysis
Detainees: Care in police custody, France
Detainees: Care in police custody, UK
Detainees: Care in prison custody, France
Detainees: Care in Prison Custody, Japan
Detainees: Care in prison custody, UK
Detainees: Fitness to be interviewed
Dogs, use in police investigations
Domestic violence (spousal abuse)
Drug facilitated sexual assault
Drug-induced injury, accidental and iatrogenic: legal and medical
Drugs, prescribed: Licencing and registration
Drugs, prescribed: Product liability
Drugs, prescribed: Testamentary capacity
Drugs, prescribed: Types and classification
Elder abuse
Electric shocks and electrocution, clinical effects and pathology
Entomology
Evidence: Rules of evidence
Evidence: Statistical interpretation of evidence/ Bayesian analysis
Excited delirium
Exhumation: Legal and practical aspects
Expert witness: Daubert and beyond
Expert witness: Medical
Expert witness: Qualifications, testimony and malpractice
Extremes of temperature
Fall from heights, physical findings: adult
Fall from heights, physical findings: paediatric
Female genital alteration
Fire investigation - evidence recovery at the fire-scene
Forensic botany
Forensic Journals - bibliometrics and journal impact factors
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology: Assessment
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology: Criminal responsibility
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology: Deliberate self-harm
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology: Drug and alcohol addiction
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology: Ethics
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology: Fitness (competence) to stand trial
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology: Forensic interviewing
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology: Forensic psychiatry - education training and certification
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology: Forensic psychology - education training and certification
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology: Malingering
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology: Mental handicap and learning disability
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology: Multiple personality disorder
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology: Offender treatment
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology: Personality disorder
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology: Phobias
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology: Psychological autopsy
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology: Sex offenders - types, assessment, management
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology: Stalking
Forensic psychiatry and forensic psychology: Suicide predictors and statistics
Hair - DNA forensic analysis
Head trauma: Neuropathology
Head trauma: Pediatric and adult, clinical aspects
Healing and repair - physiology - wounds and bones
Histopathology
History of forensic medicine
History of torture
History of toxicology
Human Rights, controls and principles
Identification: Facial
Identification: Prints, challenges to fingerprints
Identification: Prints, ear
Identification: Prints, finger and palm
Identification: prints, footprints
Imaging: Photography
Imaging: Radiology
Imaging: Radiology, non-invasive autopsies
Imaging: Radiology, Pediatric, scintigraphy and child abuse
Immunoassays, overview of applications in forensic science
Injury, fatal and non-fatal: Blunt injury
Injury, fatal and non-fatal: Burns and scalds
Injury, fatal and non-fatal: Documentation
Injury, fatal and non-fatal: Explosive injury
Injury, fatal and non-fatal: Firearm injuries
Injury, fatal and non-fatal: Industrial and agricultural injuries
Injury, fatal and non-fatal: Sharp and cutting-edge wounds
Injury, fatal and non-fatal: Transportation Injury air disasters
Injury, fatal and non-fatal: Transportation Injury commercial modes (trains, ships, ferries)
Injury, fatal and non-fatal: Transportation Injury motor vehicle
Injury, fatal and non-fatal: Transportation Injury recreational Injuries (land-based)
Injury, fatal and non-fatal: Transportation Injury recreational Injuries (sky-sports)
Injury, fatal and non-fatal: Transportation Injury recreational Injuries (water)
Internet: Forensic medicine
Internet: Toxicology
and lots more;