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Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

Edited by: Judy Illes, Barbara J. Sahakian

ISBN13: 9780199680634
Published: February 2013
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: UK
Format: Paperback (Hardback in 2011)
Price: £49.99



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The past two decades have seen unparalleled developments in our knowledge of the brain and mind. However, these advances have forced us to confront head-on some significant ethical issues regarding our application of this information in the real world- whether using brain images to establish guilt within a court of law, or developing drugs to enhance cognition. Historically, any consideration of the ethical, legal, and social implications of emerging technologies in science and medicine has lagged behind the discovery of the technology itself. These delays have caused problems in the acceptability and potential applications of biomedical advances and posed significant problems for the scientific community and the public alike - for example in the case of genetic screening and human cloning. The field of Neuroethics aims to proactively anticipate ethical, legal and social issues at the intersection of neuroscience and ethics, raising questions about what the brain tells us about ourselves, whether the information is what people want or ought to know, and how best to communicate it.

A landmark in the academic literature, the Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics presents a pioneering review of a topic central to the sciences and humanities. It presents a range of chapters considering key issues, discussion, and debate at the intersection of brain and ethics. The handbook contains more than 50 chapters by leaders from around the world and a broad range of sectors of academia and clinical practice spanning the neurosciences, medical sciences and humanities and law. The book focuses on and provides a platform for dialogue of what neuroscience can do, what we might expect neuroscience will do, and what neuroscience ought to do. The major themes include: consciousness and intention; responsibility and determinism; mind and body; neurotechnology; ageing and dementia; law and public policy; and science, society and international perspectives. Tackling some of the most significant ethical issues that face us now and will continue to do so over the coming decades, The Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics will be an essential resource for the field of neuroethics for graduate students and postdoctoral fellows, basic scientists in the neurosciences and psychology, scholars in humanities and law, as well as physicians practising in the areas of primary care in neurological medicine.

Subjects:
Medical Law
Contents:
Preface
Foreword

CONSCIOUSNESS AND INTENTION: DECODING MENTAL STATES AND DECISION MAKING
Brain Reading: Decoding Mental States from Brain Activity in Humans
The Neurobiology of Pleasure and Happiness
The Neurobiological Basis of Morality
Development of the Adolescent Brain: Neuroethical Implications for the Understanding of Executive Function and Social Cognition
Neural Foundations to Conscious and Volitional Control of Emotional Behaviour: A Mentalistic Perspective
Neural Correlates of Deception
Understanding Disorders of Consciousness
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Covert Awareness, and Brain Injury

RESPONSIBILITY AND DETERMINISM
Genetic Determinism, Neuronal Determinism, and Determinism Tout Court
The Rise of Neuroessentialism
A Neuroscientific Approach to Addiction: Ethical Concerns
The Neurobiology of Addiction: Implications for Voluntary Control of Behaviour
Neuroethics of Free Will

MIND AND BODY
Pharmaceutical Cognitive Enhancement
Cognitive Enhancement
Chemical Cognitive Enhancement: Is it Unfair, Unjust, Discriminatory or Cheating for Healthy Adults to Use Smart Drugs?
Cognitive Enhancement in Courts
Neuroethics and the Extended Mind
Does Cognitive Enhancement Fit with the Physiology of our Cognition?
ADHD: Defining a Spectrum Disorder and Considering Neuroethical Implications

NEUROTECHNOLOGY
Why Neuroethicists are Needed
Intersecting Complexities in Neuroimaging and Neuroethics
Pediatric Neuroimaging Research
Ethical Issues in Functional Neurosurgery: Emerging Applications and Controversies
Noninvasive Brain Stimulation as a Therapeutic and Investigative Tool: An Ethical Appraisal
DBS for Treatment-Resistant Neuropsychiatric Disorders
The Ethical Issues of Trials of Neural Grafting in Patients with Neurodegenerative Conditions
The Ethics of Nano/Neuro Convergence
Aging and Dementia
Neurobiological and Neuroethical Perspectives on the Contribution of Functional Neuroimaging to the Study of Aging in the Brain
Clinical Research on Conditions Affecting Cognitive Capacity
Ethical Concerns and Pitfalls in Neurogenetic Testing
Neuroethical Issues in Early Detection of Alzheimer's Disease
The Neuroethics of Cognitive Reserve
Ethical Issues in the Management of Parkinson's Disease
The Other Ethical Challenge of Neurodegenerative Diseases
Future Scoping: Ethical Issues in Ageing and Dementia

LAW AND PUBLIC POLICY
Incidental Findings in Neuroscience Research: A Fundamental Challenge to the Structure of Bioethics and Health Law
What Will Be the Limits of Neuroscience-Based Mindreading in the Law?
For the Law, Neuroscience Changes Nothing and Everything
New Directions in Neuroscience Policy
Women's Neuroethics
Public Representations of Neurogenetics
Brain Trust: Neuroscience and National Security in the Twenty-First Century

SCIENCE, SOCIETY, AND INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVES
Neuroplasticity, Culture and Society
Neuroscience and Neuroethics in the 21st Century
Neuroscience and the Media: Ethical Challenges and Opportunities
Ethical Issues in Educational Neuroscience: Raising Children in a Brave New World
From the Internationalization to the Globalization of Neuroethics: Some Perspectives and Challenges
Global Health Ethics
Ethical Perspectives: Clinical Drug Trials in Developing Countries
Learning about Neuroethics Through Health Sciences Online: A Model for Global Dissemination
Epilogue: Neuroethics and the Lure of Technology