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Economic Morality and Jewish Law


ISBN13: 9780199826865
Published: August 2012
Publisher: Oxford University Press USA
Country of Publication: USA
Format: Hardback
Price: £47.49



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Economic Morality and Jewish Law compares the way in which welfare economics and Jewish law determine the propriety of an economic action, whether by a private citizen or the government. Espousing what philosophers would call a consequentialist ethical system, welfare economics evaluates the worthiness of an economic action based on whether the action would increase the wealth of society in the long run. In sharp contrast, Jewish law espouses a deontological system of ethics. Within this ethical system, the determination of the propriety of an action is entirely a matter of discovering the applicable rule in Judaism's code of ethics.

This volume explores a variety of issues implicating morality for both individual commercial activity and economic public policy. Issues examined include price controls, the living wage, the lemons problem, short selling, and Ronald Coase's seminal theories on negative externalities. To provide an analytic framework for the study of these issues, the work first delineates the normative theories behind the concept of economic morality for welfare economics and Jewish law, and presents a case study illustrating the deontological nature of Jewish law. The book introduces what for many readers will be a new perspective on familiar economic issues. Despite the very different approaches of welfare economics and Jewish law in evaluating the worthiness of an economic action, the author reveals a remarkable symmetry between the two systems in their ultimate prescriptions for certain economic issues.

Subjects:
Other Jurisdictions , USA
Contents:
PREFACE
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
INTRODUCTION
A TALE OF TWO SERMONS (DERASHOT): JEWISH LAW'S DEONTOLOGICAL ETHICS AT WORK
THE SALE OF THE BIRTHRIGHT AND THE BILATERAL MONOPOLY MODEL
THE COASE THEOREM AS TREATED IN JEWISH LAW
PRICE CONTROLS IN JEWISH LAW
REVIVING YEHOSHUA B. GAMLA'S VISION FOR TORAH EDUCATION
ASPECT OF THE LEMONS PROBLEM AS TREATED IN JEWISH LAW
THE LIVING WAGE AND JEWISH LAW
SHORT SELLING AND JEWISH LAW
GLOSSARY
NAME INDEX
SUBJECT INDEX