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Vol 21 No 11 Nov/Dec 2016

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Bioprediction, Biomarkers, and Bad Behavior: Scientific, Legal, and Ethical Challenges

Edited by: Ilina Singh, Walter P. Sinnott-Armstrong, Julian Savulecu

ISBN13: 9780199844180
Published: November 2013
Publisher: Oxford University Press USA
Country of Publication: USA
Format: Hardback
Price: £47.49



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Many decisions in the legal system and elsewhere depend on predictions of bad behaviors, including crimes and mental illnesses. Some scientists have suggested recently that these predictions can become more accurate and useful if they are based in part on biological information, such as brain structure and function, genes, and hormones. The prospect of such bioprediction, however, raises serious concerns about errors and injustice. Can biological information significantly increase the accuracy of predictions of bad behavior? Will innocent or harmless people be mistakenly treated as if they were guilty or dangerous? Is it fair to keep people in prisons or mental institutions longer because of their biology? Will these new instruments of bioprediction be abused in practice within current institutions? Is bioprediction worth the cost? Do we want our government to use biology in this way? All of these scientific, legal, and ethical questions are discussed in this volume. The contributors are prominent neuroscientists, psychologists, sociologists, philosophers, ethicists, and legal scholars. This volume will interest everyone with hopes that bioprediction will solve problems or fears that bioprediction will be applied unjustly.

Subjects:
Other Jurisdictions , USA
Contents:
FOREWORD
PHILIP CAMPBELL
CONTRIBUTORS
1. INTRODUCTION: DEVIANCE, CLASSIFICATION AND BIO-PREDICTION
ILINA SINGH AND WALTER SINNOTT-ARMSTRONG
2. BEHAVIOURAL BIOMARKERS: WHAT ARE THEY GOOD FOR? TOWARDS THE ETHICAL USE OF BIOMARKERS
MATTHEW BAUM AND JULIAN SAVULESCU
3. BIOPREDICTION IN YOUTH JUSTICE
CHARLOTTE WALSH
4. THE INCLUSION OF BIOLOGICAL RISK FACTORS IN VIOLENCE RISK ASSESSMENTS
JOHN MONAHAN
5. BIOPREDICTION IN CRIMINAL CASES
CHRISTOPHER SLOBOGIN
6.THE LIMITS OF LEGAL USE OF NEUROSCIENCE
COLIN CAMPBELL AND NIGEL EASTMAN
7. RETHINKING THE IMPLICATIONS OF DISCOVERING BIOMARKERS FOR BIOLOGICALLY-BASED CRIMINALITY
PAUL ROOT WOLPE
8. MAOA AND THE BIOPREDICTION OF ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR: SCIENCE FACT AND SCIENCE FICTION
JOSHUA W. BUCKHOLTZ AND ANDREAS MEYER-LINDENBERG
9. GENETIC BIOMARKER RESEARCH OF CALLOUS-UNEMOTIONAL TRAITS IN CHILDREN: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE LAW AND POLICY MAKING
ESSI VIDING AND EWAN MCCRORY
10. THE NEURAL CODE FOR INTENTIONS IN THE HUMAN BRAIN
JOHN DYLAN-HAYNES
11. BIOMARKERS: POTENTIAL AND CHALLENGES
MICHAEL RUTTER
12. NEUROIMAGING-BASED AUTOMATIC CLASSIFICATION OF SCHIZOPHRENIA
VINCE D. CALHOUN AND MOHAMMAD R. ARBABSHIRANIA