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Agricultural Subsidies in the WTO Green Box: Ensuring Coherence with Sustainable Development Goals

Edited by: Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz, Christophe Bellmann, Jonathan Hepburn

ISBN13: 9780521519694
Published: December 2009
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: UK
Format: Hardback
Price: £99.99



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Do the World Trade Organization’s rules on ‘green box’ farm subsidies allow both rich and poor countries to achieve important goals such as food security, or do they worsen poverty, distort trade and harm the environment? Current WTO requirements set no ceiling on the amount of green box subsidies that governments can provide, on the basis that these payments cause only minimal trade distortion. Governments are thus increasingly shifting their subsidy spending into this category, as they come under pressure to reduce subsidies that are more directly linked to production. However, growing evidence nonetheless suggests that green box payments can affect production and trade, harm farmers in developing countries and cause environmental damage. By bringing together new research and critical thinking, this book examines the relationship between green box subsidies and the achievement of sustainable development goals, and explores options for future reform.

  • Examines the issue of green box subsidies from a sustainable development perspective, as opposed to a purely economic or legal viewpoint
  • Addresses a set of farm subsidies that are of increasing importance, enabling the reader to engage critically with a new and important field of analysis
  • Offers analysis and opinions from a range of leading thinkers in the field, who are expected to inform the emerging debate in this area

Subjects:
International Trade, Agricultural Law
Contents:
1. Overview Christophe Bellmann and Jonathan Hepburn
Part I. The Recent Evolution of Agricultural Trade Policy Reform:
2. The historical context of the green box Nestor Stancanelli
3. Doha Round negotiations on the green box, and beyond Jonathan Hepburn and Christophe Bellmann
4. The reform of the EU's Common Agricultural Policy Alan Swinbank
5. Farm policy reform in the US: past progress and future direction David Orden
6. Agricultural trade policy reform in Japan Masayoshi Honma
Part II. The Focus, Extent and Economic Impact of Green Box Subsidies:
7. Agricultural support in the green box: an analysis of EU, US and Japanese green box spending Jesus Anton
8. Green box subsidies and trade-distorting support: is there a cumulative impact? Carlos Galperin and Ivana Doporto Miguez
9. The distributional structure of green box subsidies in the European Union and France Vincent Chatellier
10. The distributional structure of US green box subsidies Harry de Gorter
Part III. Green Box Subsidies and Developing Countries:
11. Agricultural subsidies in the WTO green box: opportunities and challenges for developing countries Andre Nassar, Maria Elba Rodriguez-Alcala and Cinthia C. Costa
12. Use of green box measures by developing countries: an assessment Biswajit Dhar
13. A Chinese perspective on the green box Jianmin Xie
14. African countries and the green box Abena Oduro
Part IV. Green Box Subsidies and the Environment: 15. The environmental impact of green box subsidies: exploring the linkages Ron Steenblik and Charles Tsai
16. The environmental impact of European Union green box subsidies Ariel Brunner and Harry Huyton
17. The environmental impact of US green box subsidies Jane Earley
18. Biofuels subsidies and the green box Tim Josling, Freeman Spogli and David Blandford
Part V. Looking Forward: How Can Change Take Place?:
19. Improving monitoring and surveillance of green box subsidies Andrea Cerda
20. Subsidy reform in the EU context: options for achieving change Teresa Cavero
21. Subsidy reform in the US context: deviating from decoupling Ann Tutwiler
22. Subsidy reform in Japan: options for achieving change Kazuhito Yamashita
23. Towards a green box subsidy regime that promotes sustainable development: strategies for achieving change Pedro de Camargo Neto and Renato Henz.