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This is the story of how the United States attempted to turn Japan into a democratic and peace-loving nation by drafting a new constitution for its former enemy and then pretending that the Japanese had written it. Based on scores of interviews with participants in the process, as well as exhaustive research in Japanese and American records, the book explores in vivid detail the thinking and intentions behind the drafting of the constitution.;Confusion and strife marked planning for the democratization of Japan, first in Washington, then in occupied Tokyo. Policy makers in the State, War, and Navy departments, the Joint Chiefs, and the White House contended bitterly over how to devise an unconditional surrender that would minimize Allied casualties while according the victor supreme authority over a soundly defeated Japan. By war s end, there were still no firm guidelines on a host of crucial issues, including how the Japanese system of government could be made acceptably democratic.