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Intellectual property rights are a major source of controversy. Corporations are now patenting human genes, plants and other biological materials, many of which exist in nature or have been used for generations by farmers and indigenous peoples. Martin Khor examines the ""biopiracy"" phenomenon, its links to the TRIPS Agreement, and its various effects.;He asks: what are the implications of TRIPS for traditional knowledge and the rights of local communities?; what are the tensions between TRIPS and the Convention on Biological Diversity?; should life forms have the status of intellectual property?; will patents for biological materials become mandatory?; and will TRIPS endanger technology transfer for development? This book describes the current debates, looks at the options for problem solving, and suggests ways of moving forward.