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Current approaches to the development of legal knowledge-based systems (LKBS), such as the use of rule-based systems, case-based systems or logics, have obtained limited theoretical and practical results. This book provides a critical overview of the field by describing present approaches and analyzing their problems in detail. A new ""modelling approach"" to legal knowledge engineering is proposed to address these problems and provide an agenda for research and development.;This approach applies recent developments in knowledge modelling to the law domain. It develops models of legal problem-solving of two sorts: a comprehensive ""ontology of law"" with foundations in legal theory, which expresses a coherent view on law and can be used as a basis for legal knowledge representation; and a number of ""models of typical legal tasks"" which specify legal problem-solving strategies independent of the specific implementation formalism used.