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Asylum is meant for those who flee injustice. There are asylum seekers, however, who have blood on their hands. They may have been involved in terrorism, they may have committed war crimes or they may be guilty of acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations. Both the 1951 Refugee Convention and the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights clearly indicate that these persons shall be excluded from refugee status, excluded from asylum. The refugee lawyer, in order to fully appreciate the importance and relevance of this principle, needs to look over the fences of refugee law proper. The insight needed for the decision whether or not to apply the so-called exclusion clause is to be found elsewhere within the realms of international law: international humanitarian law, international criminal law and United Nations law. In order to make the twain meet, an international conference was organized in the summer of 1999. The papers submitted by the experts have been elaborated for this publication and pay ample attention to developments in related fields.;Moreover, a wealth of other materials has been included, such as informative treaties, conventions and (draft) resolutions on these very themes. The editor, with almost 20 yearsF experience with UNHCR, is presently lecturing in international law and human rights at Webster University, Leiden, and serves as a special advisor for international affairs with the Immigration and Naturalisation Service of the Netherlands Ministry of Justice.