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Vol 25 No 2 Feb/March 2020

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This book is now Out of Print.
A new edition has been published, the details can be seen here:
Scrutton on Charterparties and Bills of Lading 24th ed isbn 9780414070387

Scrutton on Charterparties and Bills of Lading 23rd ed with 1st Supplement

ISBN13: 9780414061668
New Edition ISBN: 9780414070387
Previous Edition ISBN: 9780414051188
Published: December 2017
Publisher: Sweet & Maxwell Ltd
Country of Publication: UK
Format: Hardback & Supplement
Price: Out of print

This is the leading statement of the principles behind charterparties and bills of lading, which is the area of law covering parties to the hire and chartering of ships, and the carriage of goods at least partially by sea.

First published in 1886, Scrutton has provided a first port of call for research when drafting contracts or dealing with disputes for generations.


Case law covering key topics, including:

  • The Pacific Champ [2012] (the formation of charterparties)
  • The Cenk Kaptanoglu [2012] (duress)
  • The Kyla [2012] (frustration)
  • Finmoon v Baltic Reefers [2012], The Saga Explorer [2012], The Erin Schulte [2013] (bills of lading)
  • The DC Merwestone [2013] (perils of the sea)
  • The Falkonera [2013], The Dolphina [2012] (discharge and delivery of cargo)
  • The Wren [2011], The Aquafaith [2012], The Kos [2012], The Western Moscow [2012], The Astra [2013] (time charters)
  • The Bulk Chile [2012] (liens)
  • The Glory Wealth [2013] EWHC 3153 (Comm) and The New Flamenco [2014] EWHC 1547 (Comm) - two important cases concerning the proper approach to the assessment of damages - the former concerning the application of the "compensatory principle" and the latter addressing the difficult question which often arises as to what, if any credit, should be given for a benefit received by the innocent party following the wrongdoer's breach
  • The Athena [2013] EWCA Civ 1273 - concerning the scope and effect of a net loss of time clause in a time charter
  • The Crudesky [2013] EWCA Civ 905 and The Global Santosh [2014] EWCA Civ 403 - two different cases considering whether third parties (a seller of goods in the context of a voyage charter and a receiver in the context of a time charter) might be regarded as the agent of the charterer for certain purposes
  • The Superior Pescadores [2014] EWHC 971 (Comm) - concerning the scope and effect of a clause paramount
  • The Falkonera [2014] EWCA Civ 713 - dealing with the important topic of ship-to-ship transfers
  • The Erin Schulte [2014] EWCA Civ 1382 - concerning the interpretation of the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1992 and, in particular, the meaning of the expression "completion, by delivery of the bill, of any endorsement of the bill" in section 5(2)(b) of the Act.

  • The book is the leading analysis of general principles in the fields of time charters, voyage charters and demise charters.
  • The book is uniquely arranged as a series of articles, in which Scrutton pinpoints specific topics that a reader might need to research, within a compact and thorough structure, and interrogates each topic concisely.
  • It covers charterparties role as a key form of commercial contract, from the initial construction of the contract, through the rights and liabilities it confers, terms, agency and performance.
  • Analyses and defines bills of lading as contracts in their own right, as a receipt or a document of title, and examines general liability.
  • Addresses issues to do with loading, i.e. cancelling, safety, readiness to load, duties to furnish, broken stowage, ballast and dunnage.
  • Explores the limitations of liability for shipowners in the case of loss of, or damage to, goods carried.
  • Examines duties and potential losses consequent of the voyage and unloading.
  • Discusses demurrage in the context of charterparties and bills of lading – for example, who is liable for demurrage in each case.
  • Covers freight rights and payable parties, for example in cases of short delivery, or delivery short of place of destination.
  • Covers time charters, including their characteristics, duration, rights of withdrawal, owners and charterer’s obligations, condition on redelivery and indemnity.
  • Discusses through bills of lading, where combined forms of transportation are used, particularly containers.
  • Includes the text and commentary on the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1971.
  • Appendices include statutes affecting the contract of affreightment; the York-Antwerp Rules, the Inter-Club New York Produce Exchange Agreement 1996 (as amended September 2011), as well as various foreign legislation from Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, New Zealand, Singapore and the US.

Shipping, Transport and Maritime Law
Nature, validity and construction of the contract
Extension of rights and liabilities under contracts of affreightment beyond the original parties to such contracts
The bill of lading as a contract
Bills of lading for goods on a chartered ship
Terms of the contract
The bill of lading as a receipt for goods received or shipped
Performance of the contract – loading
The bill of lading as a document of title
Liability of shipowner for loss of, or damage to, goods carried
Performance of the contract – the voyage
Performance of the contract – unloading
Time charters
Through bills of lading, combined transportation, containers
The Carriage of Goods By Sea Act 1971
Jurisdiction, choice of law and limitation of actions