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Vol 24 No 11 Nov/Dec 2019

Book of the Month

Cover of Nowaks CCPR Commentary: U.N. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Nowaks CCPR Commentary: U.N. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Price: £240.00

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Justice in Transactions: A Theory of Contract Law

ISBN13: 9780674237599
To be Published: December 2019
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Country of Publication: USA
Format: Hardback
Price: £68.95

"One of the most important contributions to the field of contract theory - if not the most important - in the past 25 years." - Stephen A. Smith, McGill University

Can we account for contract law on a moral basis that is acceptable from the standpoint of liberal justice?

To answer this question, Peter Benson develops a theory of contract that is completely independent of - and arguably superior to - long-dominant views, which take contract law to be justified on the basis of economics or promissory morality. Through a detailed analysis of contract principles and doctrines, Benson brings out the specific normative conception underpinning the whole of contract law.

Contract, he argues, is best explained as a transfer of rights, which is complete at the moment of agreement and is governed by a definite conception of justice - justice in transactions. Benson's analysis provides what John Rawls called a public basis of justification, which is as essential to the liberal legitimacy of contract as to any other form of coercive law. The argument of Justice in Transactions is expressly complementary to Rawls's, presenting an original justification designed specifically for transactions, as distinguished from the background institutions to which Rawls's own theory applies.

The result is a field-defining work offering a comprehensive theory of contract law. Benson shows that contract law is both justified in its own right and fully congruent with other domains-moral, economic, and political-of liberal society.

Contract Law
I. Principles
A. Formation
1. Consideration: Its Meaning, Role, and Consequences
2. Offer and Acceptance, the Objective Test, and Contractual Intent
3. Implication
B. Fairness
4. The Paradigm of Contractual Fairness: The Principle of Unconscionability
5. Three Other Doctrines about Fair Terms
6. Fairness and Assent in Standard Form Contracts
C. Enforcement
7. Fundamental Ideas
8. Unity and Diversity in the Law of Contract Remedies
9. Expectation Damages and Contract Theory
II. Theory
10. Contract as a Transfer of Ownership
11. A Moral Basis for Contract as Transfer
12. The Stability of Contract as Transfer
Table of Cases