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The Nexus Between Organised Crime and Terrorism: Types and Responses

Edited by: Letizia Paoli, Cyrille Fijnaut, Jan Wouters

ISBN13: 9781788979290
Published: February 2022
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited
Country of Publication: UK
Format: Hardback
Price: £155.00



Despatched in 6 to 8 days.

In the post-9/11 era, the nexus between organized crime and terrorism has raised much concern and has been widely discussed in both academic and policy circles, but is still largely misunderstood. This critical book contributes innovatively to the debate by distinguishing three types of nexus—interaction, transformation/imitation and similarities—and identifying the promoting factors of each type.

With its multifaceted but complementary chapters, the book provides conceptual and theoretical frameworks for readers, as well as the evidence needed to develop more realistic, effective and humane policies to tackle organized crime, terrorism and the nexuses between them. Bringing together a range of international multidisciplinary specialists, it includes three comparative analyses of worldwide transfers of personnel, weapons and money between organized crime and terrorism and 12 case studies examining local manifestations of the nexus in Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas. Two other chapters further review the national, European and international policies adopted and implemented so far to deal with the different nexuses.

This book will be a valuable resource for researchers and policymakers in the fields of comparative law, criminal law and justice and public policy, who specialise in organised crime and terrorism and their control. It will also appeal to senior law enforcement officials and practitioners due to the counterintuitive policy implications drawn from the comparative analysis of the findings.

Subjects:
International Criminal Law
Contents:
1. Introduction to the nexus between organized crime and terrorism
Cyrille Fijnaut, Letizia Paoli and Jan Wouters
PART I. LITERATURE REVIEW AND CONCEPTUALIZATION
2. Taking stock of the literature on the nexus between organized crime and terrorism
Letizia Paoli and Cyrille Fijnaut
3. Conceptualizing the nexus between organized crime and terrorism
Letizia Paoli and Cyrille Fijnaut
PART II. TRANSFER OF RESOURCES
4. Criminal pasts, terrorist futures? Jihadist recruits in Western Europe
Peter R. Neumann and Rajan Basra
5. Terrorists’ acquisition of firearms and explosives: criminal, legal and grey sources
Toine Spapens and Nils Duquet
6. The organized crime–terrorism nexus and its funding
Michael Levi
PART III. EUROPEAN CASE STUDIES
7. The nexus between organised crime and terrorism, and the attacks in Paris and Brussels in 2015 and 2016
Cyrille Fijnaut
8. Assessing the involvement in organized crime of jihadists from the Netherlands
Anton Weenink, Melvin R.J. Soudijn and Rudie J.M. Neve
9. Legal and law enforcement implications arising from the organized crime–terrorism nexus in Northern Ireland
Tom Obokata
10. To what extent was Basque terrorist group ETA involved in a nexus with organized crime? An economic analysis
Mikel Buesa and Thomas Baumert
11. Sweden: violent extremism and organized crime
Lars Korsell
PART IV. NON-EUROPEAN CASE STUDIES
12. The crime–terror nexus in Syria and Iraq
Christina Steenkamp
13. The nexus of organized crime and terror in Afghanistan and Pakistan
Matthew Phillips and Shelby Davis
14. Largely fleeting and hardly convergent: Libya’s crime–terror nexus
Mark Micallef and Matt Herbert
15. The terrorism–organized crime nexus in the Boko Haram
insurgency in Nigeria
Freedom C. Onuoha
16. Is there any nexus between terrorism and organized crime in Mexico?
Luis Astorga
17. Terrorism and organized crime in Colombia
Gustavo Duncan, Santiago Sosa and Jose Antonio Fortou
PART V. INTERNATIONAL POLICIES
18. Responding to the crime–terror nexus: the international level
Christophe Paulussen and Colin P. Clarke
19. The nexus between organized crime and terrorism: policy responses from the European Union and the Council of Europe
Thomas Van Poecke and Jan Wouters

Index