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Vol 22 No 11 Nov/Dec 2017

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The Elements of Moral Philosophy 4th ed with Dictionary of Moral Philosophy

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ISBN13: 9780071219327
ISBN: 0071219323
Published: June 2003
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education - Europe
Country of Publication: United States
Format: Paperback, 2 volumes
Price: Out of print

Firmly established as the standard text for undergraduate courses in ethics, this concise, lively book combines clear explanations of the main theories of ethics with discussions of interesting examples. The topics covered include famine relief, homosexuality, and the treatment of animals. The text's versatility allows it to be widely used not only in ethical theory courses, but also in applied ethics courses of all kinds.

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About the Fourth Edition
CHAPTER 1: WHAT IS MORALITY?The Problem of DefinitionFirst Example: Baby TheresaSecond Example: Jodie and MaryThird Example: Tracy LatimerReason and ImpartialityThe Minimum Conception of Morality
CHAPTER 2: THE CHALLENGE OF CULTURAL RELATIVISMHow Different Societies Have Different Moral CodesCultural RelativismThe Cultural Differences ArgumentThe Consequences of Taking Cultural Relativism SeriouslyWhy There is Less Disagreement than it SeemsHow All Cultures Have Some Values in CommonJudging a Cultural Practice to be UndesirableWhat Can be Learned from Cultural Relativism
CHAPTER 3: SUBJECTIVISM IN ETHICSThe Basic Idea of Ethical SubjectivismThe Evolution of the TheoryThe First Stage: Simple SubjectivismThe Second Stage: EmotivismAre There Any Moral Facts?Are There Proofs in Ethics?The Question of Homosexuality
CHAPTER 4: DOES MORALITY DEPEND ON RELIGION?The Presumed Connection Between Morality and ReligionThe Divine Command TheoryThe Theory of Natural LawReligion and Particular Moral Issues
CHAPTER 5: PSYCHOLOLOGICAL EGOISMIs Unselfishness Possible?The Strategy of Reinterpreting MotivesTwo Arguments in Favor of Psychological EgoismClearing Away Some ConfusionsThe Deepest Error in Psychological Egoism
CHAPTER 6: ETHICAL EGOISMIs There a Duty to Help Starving People?Three Arguments in Favor of Ethical EgoismThree Arguments Against Ethical Egoism
CHAPTER 7: THE UTILITARIAN APPROACHThe Revolution in EthicsFirst Example: EuthanasiaSecond Example: Nonhuman Animals
CHAPTER 8: THE DEBATE OVER UTILITARIANISMThe Classical Version of the TheoryIs Happiness the Only Thing That Matters?Are Consequences All That Matter?Should We be Equally Concerned for Everyone?The Defense of Utilitarianism
CHAPTER 9: ARE THERE ANY ABSOLUTE MORAL RULES?Harry Truman and Elizabeth AnscombeThe Categorical ImperativeAbsolute Rules and the Duty Not to LieConflicts Between RulesAnother Look at Kant's Basic Idea
CHAPTER 10: KANT AND RESPECT FOR PERSONSThe Idea of Human DignityRetribution and Utility in the Theory of PunishmentKant's Retributivism
CHAPTER 11: THE IDEA OF A SOCIAL CONTRACTHobbes's ArgumentThe Prisoner's DilemmaSome Advantages of the Social Contract Theory of MoralsThe Problem of Civil Disobedience
CHAPTER 12: FEMINISM AND THE ETHICS OF CAREDo Women and Men Think Differently About Ethics?Implications for Moral JudgmentImplications for Ethical TheoryCHAPTER 13: THE ETHICS OF VIRTUEThe Ethics of Virtue and the Ethics of Right ActionThe VirtuesSome Advantages of Virtue EthicsThe Problem of Incompleteness
CHAPTER 14: WHAT WOULD A SATISFACTORY MORAL THEORY BE LIKE?Morality Without HubrisTreating People as They Deserve and Other MotivesMultiple-Strategies UtilitarianismThe Moral CommunityJustice and FairnessConclusionSuggestions for Further ReadingNotes on SourcesIndex