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Vol 22 No 11 Nov/Dec 2017

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Legalism: Community and Justice

Edited by: Fernanda Pirie, Judith Scheele

ISBN13: 9780198716570
Published: July 2014
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: UK
Format: Hardback
Price: £69.00

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'Community' and 'justice' recur in anthropological, historical, and legal scholarship, yet as concepts they are notoriously slippery. Historians and lawyers look to anthropologists as 'community specialists', but anthropologists often avoid the concept through circumlocution: although much used (and abused) by historians, legal thinkers, and political philosophers, the term remains strikingly indeterminate and often morally overdetermined.

'Justice', meanwhile, is elusive, alternately invoked as the goal of contemporary political theorizing, and wrapped in obscure philosophical controversy. A conceptual knot emerges in much legal and political thought between law, justice, and community, but theories abound, without any agreement over concepts.

The contributors to this volume use empirical case studies to unpick threads of this knot. Local codes from Anglo-Saxon England, north Africa, and medieval Armenia indicate disjunctions between community boundaries and the subjects of local rules and categories; processes of justice from early modern Europe to eastern Tibet suggest new ways of conceptualizing the relationship between law and justice; and practices of exile that recur throughout the world illustrate contingent formulations of community.

In the first book in the series, Legalism: Anthropology and History, law was addressed through a focus on local legal categories as conceptual tools. Here this approach is extended to the ideas and ideals of justice and community. Rigorous cross-cultural comparison allows the contributors to avoid normative assumptions, while opening new avenues of inquiry for lawyers, anthropologists, and historians alike.

Legal History, Law and Society
Introduction: Law, Justice, and Community
1. From Theology to Law: Creating an Armenian Secular Lawcode
2. Lex scripta and the Problem of Enforcement: Anglo-Saxon, Welsh, and Scottish Law Compared
3. Outlawry, Exile, and Banishment: Reflections on Community and Justice
4. Justice Contested and Affirmed: Jurisdiction and Conflict in Late Medieval Italian Cities
5. Defining Boundaries: Law, Justice, and Community in Sixteenth-Century England
6. Regulating Community and Society at the Sorbonne in the Late Thirteenth Century
7. Community as an Achievement: Kabyle Customary Law and Beyond
8. 'Popular' and 'Official' Justice: Punishing Sexual Offenders in Tudor London
9. Community, Justice, and Legalism: Elusive Concepts in Tibet