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The Morality of Defensive War

Edited by: Cecile Fabre, Seth Lazar

ISBN13: 9780199682836
Published: February 2014
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: UK
Format: Hardback
Price: £35.00



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In recent years, conventional just war thinking has been subjected to powerful scrutiny. Revisionist critics, animated by a commitment to individual human rights, and scepticism about the moral importance of states, have undermined the arguments grounding doctrines as widely accepted as states' rights of national defence, the principle of noncombatant immunity, and combatants' equal right to fight.

They have argued, in particular, that our ordinary understanding of national defence cannot be justified on individualist grounds-and that there is no alternative to an individualist justification. But while their challenges to the conventional view have been powerful, their alternatives have been less compelling.

Some positive account of the morality of defensive war is required, along one of three lines: Either we must concede that wars of national defence are unjustified, and adopt a restricted form of pacifism (with a possible exception for averting mass atrocity crimes); alternatively, either the individualists must explain how their theory is consistent with our strongly-held judgments about national defence, or advocates of the conventional view must provide compelling alternative theoretical justifications for their position.

In their original contributions to The Morality of Defensive War the leading advocates of the revisionist and conventional approaches to the morality of war develop each possibility in detail. Part I sets out, in new and more forceful terms, the challenge that our ordinary views about national defence represent. In Part II individualists response to that challenge. Part III develops new approaches to vindicating the conventional view.

Subjects:
Jurisprudence
Contents:
Acknowledgements
1. Introduction
2. National Defence, Self-Defence, and the Problem of Political Aggression
3. Understanding the Political Defensive Privilege
4. The Myth of National Self-Defence
5. Cosmopolitanism and Wars of Self-Defence
6. What Rights may be Defended by Means of War?
7. Distributive Justice, Human Rights, and Territorial Integrity: A Contractarian Account of the Crime of Aggression
8. Collective Self-Determination, Institutions of Justice, and Wars of National Defence
9. Territorial Rights and National Defence
10. Democracy, Defence, and the Threat of Intervention
Index