Each chapter includes 'Chapter Exercises' and 'Chapter Reading.' 1.An Introduction to Descriptive and Inferential Statistics in Criminal Justice. Levels of Measurement. Descriptive Statistics. Ratios, Percentages, Proportions, and Rates. Measures of Central Tendency. Measures of Dispersion. Introducing Statistical Concepts. Tracy L. Snell, Capital Punishment 1996.
2.Constructing and Interpreting Contingency Tables. Cross-Tabulation. Cross-Tabulation with Ordinal Variables. Multivariate Analysis of Contingency Tables. Byron R. Johnson, David B. Larson, and Timothy C. Pitts, Religious Programs, Institutional Adjustment, and Recidivism among Former Inmates in Prison Fellowship Programs.
3.Testing Hypotheses with Contingency Tables: Chi-Square. Relationships in Populations and Samples. The Chi-Square Test. Interpretation of Chi-Square. The Meaning of Statistical Significance. Michael G. Breci, Female Officers on Patrol: Public Perceptions in the 1990s.
4.Measures of Association Used with Contingency Tables. An Introduction to Measures of Association. Measures of Association Used with 2 x 2 Tables. Interpreting Measures of Association. Association Measures Used with R x C Tables. Association Measures and the Elaboration Paradigm. James J. Sobol, Behavioral Characteristics and Levels of Involvement for Victims of Homicide.
5.The Normal Distribution and Confidence Intervals. The Normal Distribution. Population Parameters and Sample Statistics. The Central Limit Theorem. Confidence Intervals and Confidence Levels. Confidence Intervals for Proportions and Percentages. Michael D. Maltz and Marianne W. Zavitz, Displaying Violent Crime Trends Using Estimates from the National Crime Victimization Survey.
6.Comparing Two Sample Means. Null and Alternative Hypotheses. The Sampling Distribution. Type I Error. Computing the Test Statistic. Decision Making. Significance Tests and Confidence Intervals. Ann G. Crocker and Shielagh Hodgins, The Criminality of Noninstitutionalized Mentally Retarded Persons: Evidence from a Birth Cohart to Age 30.
7.Analysis of Variance. An Introduction to Analysis of Variance. Elements of the ANOVA Procedure. One-Way ANOVA, Two-Way ANOVA and MANOVA. Step-by-Step One-Way ANOVA Example. Sara R. Battin, Karl G. Hill, Robert D. Abbott, Richard F. Catalono, and J. David Hawkins, The Contribution of Gang Membership to Delinquency beyond Delinquent Friends.
8.Correlation and Simple Regression. Scatterplots. Linear Relationships. Estimating the Linear Regression Equation. The Correlation Coefficient (r) and the Coefficient of Determination (r 2). The Correlation Matrix. A Final Note on Correlation and Regression.
9.Multiple Regression and Correlation. Introduction to Multivariate Regression Analysis. Model Specification in Multiple Regression. Partial Regression Slope. Multiple Regression Equation. Partial Co