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Vol 24 No 2 Feb/March 2019

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Criminal Justice

Ian Marsh, John Cochrane, Gaynor MelvilleLiverpool Hope University Colege

ISBN13: 9780415333016
ISBN: 0415333016
Published: March 2005
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Format: Hardback
Price: £110.00

This new text will encourage students to develop a deeper understanding of the context and the current workings of the criminal justice system. The first part offers a clear, accessible and comprehensive review of the major philosophical aims and sociological theories of punishment, the history of justice and punishment and the developing perspective of victimology. In Part Two, the focus is on the main areas of the contemporary criminal justice system - including the police, the courts and judiciary, prisons and community penalties. The active engagement of students with the material covered distinguishes this text from others in the area and makes it a real teaching resource for lecturers and tutors. There are regular reflective question breaks which enable students to consider and respond to questions relating to what they have just read.

Preface Part 1: History and Theories of Crime and Justice 1. Why Punish? Philosophies of Punishment 1.1 Introduction - studying punishment 1.2 The aims of punishment 1.3 Deterrence 1.4 Retribution 1.5 Rehabilitation 1.6 Summary 1.7 Further reading 2. Theories of Punishment 2.1 Introduction 2.2 The role of punishment in promoting social solidarity - the work and influence of Durkheim and Weber 2.3 Punishment as part of a class based process of economic and social control - the Marxist approach 2.4 Punishment, power and regulation - the work of Michel Foucault 2.5 Summary 2.6 Further reading 3. The History of Crime and Justice 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Early history - before the 'bloody code' 3.3 The 18th century and the 'bloody code' 3.4 The birth of the prison - the late 18th century and beyond 3.5 The police and the emergence of the criminal justice system 3.6 20th century developments 3.7 Gender 3.8 Ethnicity 3.9 Further reading 4. Victimology 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Who are the victims? 4.3 The emergence of victimology 4.4 Theories and methods of research in victimology 4.5 Victims of public and private crime - victims of domestic violence; corporate crime and its victims 4.6 Further reading Part 2: The Criminal Justice System 5. Police and Policing 5.1 A brief history of policing 5.2 The police role today 5.3 Police culture 5.4 Further reading 6. The Courts, Sentencing and the Judiciary 6.1 The structure of the courts 6.2 The Crown Prosecution Service 6.3 Trials and sentencing: principles and issues 6.4 Sentencing and social divisions 6.5 The judiciary 6.6 Further reading 7. Prisons and Imprisonment 7.1 The history of prisons 7.2 Prisons and imprisonment - the current context 7.3 Imprisonment - experiences and issues 7.4 Community penalties 7.5 Further reading References