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Antarctica is the last most inhospitable frontier on Earth, yet it presents a great number of unresolved conflicts between nations, individuals, environmentalists, scientists and business groups. ""The International Law of Antarctica"" addresses the crucial question of how international law can respond to claims that will shape tomorrow's Antarctica.;Part I of this study describes the social, power and legal processes relating to Antarctica; reviews the geographic, technological, economic and historical context in which these processes evolve, and how their special features affect such processes; and finally postulates the basic community policies with reference to which the process of claims and decisions in Antarctica are analyzed. Part II focuses on national claims to Antarctica by reviewing claims relating to the modes to establish exclusive appropriation of the area. Part III is a detailed examination of specific claims to Antarctica resources: claims to mineral and living resources and claims relating to space-extension reousrces, namely, Antarctica sea and air space.;It is concluded by an appraisal of the congruence of the existing order of Antarctica with the postulated basic policies, critically reviewing proposals for a new order, and advancing long-term and more immediate alternatives.