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Conversion of Former Btw Facilities

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ISBN13: 9780792352501
ISBN: 0792352505
Published: September 1998
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
Format: Paperback
Price: Out of print



The development, production, stockpiling and use in war of biological and toxin weapons (BTW) are prohibited by international law. However, conversion of BTW facilities has not been dealt with in the existing, open literature on conversion. This is partly due to the fact that BTW programmes to a large degree involve dual-use activities and it is thus difficult to differentiate them form defensive and civilian activities involving pathogenic biological agent and toxins. It is thus also difficult to assess whether or not a BTW facility has actually been converted.;This text discuss general aspects of conversion and describe the conversion of former facilities in Germany, the UK, USA, Russia, and Kazakhstan.

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Contents:
Conversion of Former BTW Facilities - Questions and Problems; E. Buder, E. Geissler. Conversion of Chemical Weapons Production Facilities under the Chemical Weapons Convention; T. Stock. Biotechnology in a Peaceful World Economy; M.R. Dando. Redirecting Biological Warfare Capacity to International Health Biotechnology; R.B. Craven. Conversion of BTW Facilities: Lessons from German History; E. Geissler. Challenges of BW Control and Defense during Arms Reduction; G. Faludi. Conversion of Past Biological Weapons Facilities: Lessons from Western Conversion; G.S. Pearson. Development of Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing at Fort Detrick, Maryland; G.A. Robertson. Pharmaceutical and Regulatory Aspects of Conversion; J. Melling. The Possibilities and Limitations of Biological Weapons Conversion: Personnel and Facilities; M. Leitenberg. Controlling Dangerous Pathogens: A Blue Print for U.S.-Russian Cooperation. A Report of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences to the Cooperative Threat Reduction Program of the U.S. Department of Defense; C.P. Howson. The Need for International Cooperation to Provide Transparency and to Strengthen the BWC; L.S. Sandakhciev. Redirection of BW Experts in the Framework of the International Science and Technology Center (ISTC); J. Compton, D. Pobedimskaya. Conversion of BW Facilities in Kazakstan; A. Rimmington. Facilitating the Conversion of BTW Facilities through International Technical Cooperation: BTWC Implications; I. Hunger. The Ad Hoc Group: Past Biological Weapons Facilities; G.S. Pearson. Annexes.