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Vol 21 No 11 Nov/Dec 2016

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Governing Digitally Integrated Genetic Resources, Data, and Literature: Global Intellectual Property Strategies for a Redesigned Microbial Research Commons


ISBN13: 9781107021747
Published: May 2016
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: UK
Format: Hardback
Price: £99.99



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The free exchange of microbial genetic information is an established public good, facilitating research on medicines, agriculture, and climate change. However, over the past quarter-century, access to genetic resources has been hindered by intellectual property claims from developed countries under the World Trade Organization's TRIPS Agreement (1994) and by claims of sovereign rights from developing countries under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (1992).

In this volume, the authors examine the scientific community's responses to these obstacles and advise policymakers on how to harness provisions of the Nagoya Protocol (2010) that allow multilateral measures to support research.

By pooling microbial materials, data, and literature in a carefully designed transnational e-infrastructure, the scientific community can facilitate access to essential research assets while simultaneously reinforcing the open access movement. The original empirical surveys of responses to the CBD included here provide a valuable addition to the literature on governing scientific knowledge commons.

Subjects:
Intellectual Property Law
Contents:
1. Uncertain legal status of microbial genetic resources in a conflicted geopolitical environment

Part I. International Regulation of Genetic Resources and the Assault on Scientific Research:
2. Between public and private goods: emergence of the transnational research commons for plant and microbial genetic resources
3. Tightening the regulatory grip: from the convention on biological diversity in 1992 to the Nagoya protocol in 2010

Part II. Preserving the Public Research Functions of Microbial Genetic Resources After the Nagoya Protocol:
4. The existing microbial research commons confronts proprietary obstacles
5. Facilitating transnational exchanges of genetic resources within a redesigned microbial research infrastructure

Part III. A Digitally Integrated Infrastructure for Microbial Data and Information:
6. Legal and institutional obstacles impeding access to and use of scientific literature and data
7. Enabling the microbial research community to control its own scholarly publications
8. Fully exploiting data-intensive research opportunities in the networked environment

Part IV. Governing Public Knowledge Assets within a Redesigned Microbial Research Commons:
9. Institutional models for a transnational research commons
10. In search of a politically acceptable and scientifically productive operational framework
11. Implementing a transnational framework agreement for a redesigned microbial research commons.