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Vol 23 No 5 May/June 2018

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Global Governance of Genetic Resources: Access and Benefit Sharing After the Nagoya Protocol

Edited by: Sebastian Oberthur, Kristin Rosendal

ISBN13: 9781138186767
Published: November 2015
Publisher: Routledge
Country of Publication: UK
Format: Paperback (Hardback in 2013)
Price: £34.99
Hardback edition , ISBN13 9780415656252

This is a Print On Demand Title.
The publisher will print a copy to fulfill your order. Books can take between 1 to 3 weeks. Looseleaf titles between 1 to 2 weeks.

This book analyses the status and prospects of the global governance of Access Benefit Sharing (ABS) in the aftermath of 2010's Nagoya Protocol to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The CBD's initial 1992 framework of global ABS governance established the objective of sharing the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources fairly between countries and communities. Since then, ABS has been a contested issue in international politics - not least due to the failure of effective implementation of the original CBD framework. The Nagoya Protocol therefore aims to improve and enhance this framework. Compared to the slow rate of progress on climate change, it has been considered a major achievement of global environmental governance, but it has also been coined a 'masterpiece of ambiguity'. This book analyses the role of a variety of actors in the emergence of the Nagoya Protocol and provides an up-to-date assessment of the core features of the architecture of global ABS governance. This book offers a central resource regarding ABS governance for those working on and interested in global environmental governance. This is achieved by focusing on two broad themes of the wider research agenda on global environmental governance, namely architecture and agency.

Furthermore, individual chapter contributions relate and link ABS governance to other prominent debates in the field, such as institutional complexes, compliance, market-based approaches, EU leadership, the role of small states, the role of non-state actors and more. Partly due to its seeming technical complexity, ABS governance has so far not been at the centre of attention of scholars and practitioners of global environmental governance. In this book, care is taken to provide an accessible account of key functional features of the governance system which enables non-specialists to gain a grasp on the main issues involved, allowing the issue of ABS governance to move centre-stage and be more fully recognised in discussions on global environmental governance.

Environmental Law
Part 1: Introduction/Background
1. Introduction: Conceptual Framework and Background Sebastian Oberthur and Kristin Rosendal
2. 'Genetic Resources': Legal Definitions of the Substance Matter of ABS Governance Morten Walloe Tvedt and Peter Johan Schei

Part 2: Agency - the Emergence of the Nagoya Protocol
3. The Negotiations on the Nagoya Protocol: History, Issues and Coalitions Peter Gottschalk, Justyna Pozarowska, Linda Wallbott, Franziska Wolff
4. The Role of Non-state Actors Amandine Orsini Bled
5. The European Union: Leadership Revival in Global Environmental Governance? Sebastian Oberthur and Florian Rabitz 6. The Role of Small States: Switzerland Marc Hufty, Maurice Tschopp and Tobias Schulz
7. The Role of the African Group Linda Wallbott and Kabir Sanjay Bavikatte

Part 3: ABS Governance architecture
8. The Nagoya Protocol and the Diffusion of International Markets and Payments for Ecosystem Services Franziska Wolff
9. Beyond Nagoya: Implementation of a Functional ABS System Morten Walloe Tvedt
10. Issues in Ensuring Compliance with the Nagoya Protocol Peter Gottschalk
11. The Impact of the Nagoya Protocol on the Evolving Institutional Complex of Global ABS Governance Sebastian Oberthur and Justyna Pozarowska
12. ABS Governance in the Aquaculture Sector Kristin Rosendal, Ingrid Olesen and Morten Walloe Tvedt
13. Governance Options for Ex-situ Collections in Academic Research Susette Biber-Klemm
14. Conclusion: The International Management of Genetic Resources and Global Environmental Governance Kristin Rosendal and Sebastian Oberthur