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There has been much debate in scholarship over the factors determining the outcome of legal hearings in Athens and specifically the extent to which judicial panels were influenced by non-legal considerations in addition to, or even instead of, questions of law. Ancient rhetorical theory devoted much attention to character and it is this aspect of Athenian law which forms the focus of this book.
Close analysis of the dispute-resolution passages in ancient Greek literature reveals striking similarities with the rhetoric of litigants in the Athenian courts and thus helps to shed light on the function of the courts and the fundamental nature of Athenian law. The widespread use of character evidence in every aspect of argumentation can be traced to the Greek ideas of ’character’ and ’personality’, the inductive method of reasoning, and the social, political and institutional structures of the ancient Greek polis.