Analyzes the differences in perceptions between western-orientated and non-western human rights in relation to child welfare and international policy making.
Shame and physical pain - cultural relativity, children, torture and punishment, Judith Ennewtre; the ill-treatment of children - some developmental considerations, Martin Richards; activism, politics and the punishment of children, Pamela Reynolds; opening pandora's box - protecting children against torture or cruel. inhuman and degrading treatment and punishment, Geraldine Van Bueren; international conventions against torture and on the rights of the child - the work of two United Nations committees, Bent Sorenson; torture of the girl-child, Christina Chinkin; The violation of economic, social and cultural rights as torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Jeremy McBride; are the rights of refugee children protected adequately against torture, Louise Williamson; a non-governmental organisation's perspective of the United Nations approach to children and torture, Eric Sottas; can medicine be torture? the case of children, Len Doyal; children and reintegration, Gisela Perren-Klingler; children exposed to war, torture and other organised violence - developmental consequences, Edith Montgomery; the effects on children of witnessing violence perpetrated against their parents or siblings, Dora Black, Martin Newman; the torture of children - assessing torture and delivering methods to prevent it, Lois Whitman. Appendices: United Nations convention against torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, 1984; United Nations declaration of the protection of all persons from being subjected to torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, 1975; inter-American convention to prevent and punish torture, 1985; the European convention for the prevention of torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, 1987; United nations convention on the rights of the child, 1989.