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Vol 23 No 3 March/April 2018

Book of the Month

Cover of Scamell and Gasztowicz on Land Covenants

Scamell and Gasztowicz on Land Covenants

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Wilful Misconduct in International Transport Law

ISBN13: 9783642215087
Published: July 2011
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Country of Publication: Germany
Format: Hardback
Price: £82.00

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The main rationale of the conventions on international transport law is to limit the liability of the carrier. However, an aspect common to these conventions is that in cases of "wilful misconduct" the carrier is liable without any financial limitation. "Wilful misconduct" denoting a high degree of fault is an established term in English law. The Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to International Carriage by Air (Warsaw Convention) of 1929 was the first international convention on transport law where the term was employed. A definition of "wilful misconduct", which can be found in later conventions regarding carriage of goods and passengers as well, was implemented in the Hague Protocol of 1955, amending the Warsaw Convention. However, the question as to exactly which degree of fault constitutes "wilful misconduct" has to date remained controversial and unanswered. This work seeks to answer this question. To this end, the historical background of the term, together with its function and role in marine insurance law, case law and international transport law, are examined from a comparative perspective.

Shipping, Transport and Maritime Law
Introduction.- Historical Background: Limitation of Liability and Wilful Misconduct.- Roots of Wilful Misconduct.- Wilful Misconduct in Transport Law: First Time in an International Transport Convention: Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to International Carriage by Air, 1929.- Carriage by Sea.- Conventions on Other Means of Transportation.- Proof & Concept of Fault: Causation and Proof.- Degrees of Fault and Wilful Misconduct.- Conclusion.