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Vol 21 No 9 Sept/Oct 2016

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International Airline Alliances: EC Competition Law/US Antitrust Law and International Air Transport


ISBN13: 9789041119094
ISBN: 9041119094
Published: March 2003
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
Country of Publication: The Netherlands
Format: Hardback
Price: £177.00



Despatched in 8 to 10 days.

This study takes a keen look at the problems facing the international community due to conflicts arising from applications of varying competition laws by different competition authorities to international airline alliances. As a result of privatization, deregulation, liberalization and globalization, international air carriers form alliances with one another in order to cope with growing competition in the international air transport market.

This book clearly provides an introduction to the background to and origin of airline alliances, different models of alliances and the related anti-competitive practices resulting from existing international airline alliances. The potential anti-competitive practices resulting from these cross-border alliances trigger a great deal of concern from various competition authorities. Thus, this study goes on to provide a detailed analysis regarding the relevant EC competition law and US antitrust law and their applications to alliance activities.

The comparison of different applications of EC competition law and US antitrust law to international airline alliances provides leading research results first-hand. In the conclusion, the essential elements regarding establishing a level playing field in the international air transport market are identified and the author provides possible solutions for the harmonisation of different applications of competition law to international airline alliances.

Contents:
Part 1 Relevant Background to International Airline Alliances: Historical Background
Economic Background
Modern Trends
Airline Alliances
Application of Competition/Antitrust Law to the International Air
Transport Sector.
Part 2 An Overview of European Community Competition Law and its Applications to Transatlantic Airline Alliances: Basic Background to EC Competition Law
Sustantive EC Competition Law
The Applications of EC Competition Law to Economic Activities with Foreign Elements Involved
EC Competition Policy
EC Competition Policy in the Air Transport Sector
The Applications of EC Competition Law to International Airline Alliances.
Part 3 An Overview of US Antitrust Laws Governing International Air Transport and Their Applications to Transatlantic Airline Alliances: An Overview of Substantive US Antitrust Laws
Applications of US Antitrust Laws to Economic Activities with Foreign Elements Involved
US International Antitrust Policy
US Antitrust Laws and International Air Transportation
US Policy in International Air Transportation
DOT Decisions on Transatlantic Alliance Agreements.
Part 4 Comparison of Applications of EC Competition Law and US Antitrust Law to International Air Transport: Similarities and Differences in General
Different Procedures for Granting Approval of Antitrust Immunity or Exemption
Differences in Laws
Differences in Interpretations and Applications of Laws
Comparison of the EC and US Authorities' Reviews of Transatlantic Airline Alliances
Differences in Merger Control and Alliances (Joint Venture)
Differences in Policies.
Part 5 The Current International Competition Regulations regarding International Air Transport: Multilateral Approach
Special Proposal for Applying Competition/Antitrust Law to International Air Transport
Regionalism
Doctrine of Comity and Co-operation between Governments
Synthesis
Convergence of Competition Policies.
Part 6 Conclusion and Recommendations: Brief Review of the Essential Elements for Fair and Free Competition in the International Air Transport Market
Recommendations
Supplements to Present Solutions
Assistance from International Organizations.