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Vol 23 No 5 May/June 2018

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Cross-Border Taxation of Permanent Establishments: An International Comparison

ISBN13: 9789041168320
Published: July 2016
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
Country of Publication: The Netherlands
Format: Hardback
Price: £108.00

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Cross-Border Taxation of Permanent Establishments illustrates and compares the OECD Model Tax Convention with country-specific source taxation rules.

The permanent establishment (PE) is a legal form of cross-border direct investment whereby a business presence is maintained as an integral part of the foreign investor. Due to the growing intensity and complexity of international business relations, the allocation of profits to head units and PEs has become highly contentious, especially from the perspectives of the major emerging economies of the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) countries.

Unsurprisingly, the potential for tax avoidance and the scrutiny of tax authorities have increased enormously. Against this background, this work emphasizes the taxable implications of the various rules upon country-specific PE concepts focusing on possible tax system changes and offering reform proposals.

What’s in this book:

The book’s analysis covers such issues and topics as the following:

  • allocation of business profits under the Authorised OECD Approach (AOA);
  • avoidance of PE status;
  • application of the arm’s length principle regarding the valuation of cross-border dealings;
  • implementation of a service PE proposal;
  • construction site PEs established by subcontractors;
  • existence of an agency PE; and
  • the OECD project on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS).
The author uses simulated cross-border national and treaty cases to highlight qualification conflicts, thus reinforcing his detailed discussion of source taxation rules of business profits and relevant case law in Germany, the United States, and the BRIC states. This book discusses qualification conflicts of PE taxation in cross-border cases and analyses risks of double and non-taxation and increasing complexity. There is also a checklist detailing how companies can avoid unintentionally setting up a PE.

How this will help you:

The author’s deeply informed proposals provide much-needed guidance in tax criteria and open the way to greater feasibility and transparency in taxation of cross-border direct investment, including evaluation of PE risk. As the definition of PEs has become more extensive and the treatment of profit allocation has become more complex, the clarification of the PE concept presented in this book is of inestimable importance for lawyers, officials, policymakers, and academics concerned with international business taxation in any jurisdiction.

About the Author.
List of Figures.
List of Tables.
List of Abbreviations.
List of Abbreviations of Countries.

Chapter 1 Introduction.
Chapter 2 Fundamentals and Objective.
Chapter 3 Source Taxation of Business Profits according to the OECD Model.
Chapter 4 Source Taxation of Business Profits from a National Point of View of Germany, the US and the BRIC States.
Chapter 5 Cross-Country Analysis of the OECD and National PE Concepts and the Rules on the Attribution of Business Income.
Chapter 6 Reform Proposals with regard to the PE Definition and the Attribution of Business Profits.
Chapter 7 Final Conclusion in the Form of Theses.

Appendix I: Supplementary Tables.
Appendix II: PE Questionnaire.