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Paradoxes of Peace in Nineteenth Century Europe

Edited by: Thomas Hippler, Milos Vec

ISBN13: 9780198727996
Published: February 2015
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: UK
Format: Hardback
Price: £60.00



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'Peace' is often simplistically assumed to be war's opposite, and as such is not examined closely or critically idealized in the literature of peace studies, its crucial role in the justification of war is often overlooked.

Starting from a critical view that the value of 'restoring peace' or 'keeping peace' is, and has been, regularly used as a pretext for military intervention, this book traces the conceptual history of peace in nineteenth century legal and political practice. It explores the role of the value of peace in shaping the public rhetoric and legitimizing action in general international relations, international law, international trade, colonialism, and armed conflict.

Departing from the assumption that there is no peace as such, nor can there be, it examines the contradictory visions of peace that arise from conflict. These conflicting and antagonistic visions of peace are each linked to a set of motivations and interests as well as to a certain vision of legitimacy within the international realm. Each of them inevitably conveys the image of a specific enemy that has to be crushed in order to peace being installed.

This book highlights the contradictions and paradoxes in nineteenth century discourses and practices of peace, particularly in Europe.

Subjects:
Public International Law, Legal History
Contents:
INTRODUCTION
1. Peace as a Polemic Concept: Writing the History of Peace in Nineteenth Century Europe

PART I: INTERNATIONAL LAW
2. From Invisible Peace to the Legitimation of War. Paradoxes of a Concept in 19th Century International Law Doctrine
3. Peace by Code: Draft Solutions for the Codification of International Law
4. Aim: Peace - Sanction: War. International arbitration and the problem of enforcement

PART II: ECONOMY
5. The Limits of 'Cosmopolitical Economy': International Trade and the Nineteenth-Century Nation-State
6. The Promise and Threat of Free Trade in a Globalising Economy: A European Perspective
7.
4 Legal Avoidance as Peace Instrument. Domination and Pacification through Asymmetric Loan Transactions

PART III: ACTORS
8. Paradoxes of a Great Power Peace: The Case of the Concert of Europe
9. The Holy Alliance as 'An Order of Things Conformable to the Interests of Europe and to the Laws of Religion and Humanity'
10. From Nationalist Peace to Democratic War: The Peace Congresses in Paris (1849) and Geneva (1867)
11. The Politics of Exclusionary Inclusion. Peace Activism and the Struggle on International and Domestic Order in the International Council of Women, 1899 - 1914

PART IV: VALUES
12. The Paradox of Peace with 'Savage' and 'Barbarian' Peoples
13. The Illiberality of Liberal International Law: Religion, Science, and the Peaceful Violence of Civilization
14. Europeanization, Islamization, and the New Imperialism of the Ottoman State

EPILOGUE
15. Perpetual Peace as Irony, as Utopia, and as Politics