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Vol 21 No 11 Nov/Dec 2016

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Criminal Injuries Compensation Claims

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Transplanting International Courts: The Law and Politics of the Andean Tribunal of Justice

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ISBN13: 9780199680788
To be Published: March 2017
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: UK
Format: Hardback
Price: £60.00



The Andean Pact was founded in 1969 to build a common market in South America. Andean leaders copied the institutional and treaty design of the European Community, and in the 1970s, member states decided to add a tribunal, again turning to the European Community as its model. Since its first ruling in 1987, the Andean Tribunal of Justice has exercised authority over the countries which are members of the Andean Community: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru (formerly also Venezuela). It is now the third most active international court in the world, used by governments and private actors to protect their rights and interests in the region.

This book investigates how a region with weak legal institutions developed an effective international rule of law, why the Tribunal was able to induce widespread respect for Andean intellectual property rules but not other areas governed by regional integration rules, and what the Tribunal's experience means for comparable international courts. It also assesses the Andean experience in order to reconsider the European Community system, exploring why the law and politics of integration in Europe and the Andes followed different trajectories. It finally provides a detailed analysis of the key factors associated with effective supranational adjudication. This book collects together previously published material by two leading interdisciplinary scholars of international law and politics, and is enhanced by three original chapters further reflecting on the Andean legal order.

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Subjects:
Other Jurisdictions , Latin America
Contents:
PART I: SUPRANATIONAL LEGAL TRANSPLANTS
1. What We Can Learn From the Andean Tribunal of Justice
2. Transplanting the European Court of Justice: The Experience of the Andean Tribunal of Justice

PART II: LAW AND POLITICS IN THE ANDEAN TRIBUNAL OF JUSTICE
3. Legal Integration in the Andes: Law-Making by the Andean Tribunal of Justice
4. The Andean Tribunal of Justice and its Interlocutors: Understanding Preliminary Reference Patterns in the Andean Community
5. Islands of Effective International Adjudication: Constructing an Intellectual Property Rule of Law in the Andean Community
6. Navigating Fraught Political Terrains: Four Case Studies

PART III: THE EUROPEAN COURT OF JUSTICE RECONSIDERED IN LIGHT OF THE ANDEAN EXPERIENCE
7. Nature or Nurture? Judicial Lawmaking in the European Court of Justice and the Andean Tribunal of Justice
8. Transnational Jurist Advocacy Networks: A Comparison Between the ECJ and the Andean Tribunal of Justice
9. Reconsidering What Makes International Courts Effective