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Vol 22 No 4 April/May 2017

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Whistleblowing: Law and Practice

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Science and the Precautionary Principle in International Courts and Tribunals: Expert Evidence, Burden of Proof and Finality

ISBN13: 9780521513265
Published: March 2011
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: UK
Format: Hardback
Price: £88.00
Paperback edition , ISBN13 9781107669031

Despatched in 10 to 12 days.

By canvassing a range of international scientific disputes, including:-

  • the EC-Biotech and EC-Hormones disputes in the WTO,
  • the Case concerning Pulp Mills
  • and the Gabcíkovo–Nagymaros case in the International Court of Justice,
  • and the Mox Plant and Land Reclamation cases dealt with under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea,
Caroline Foster examines how the precautionary principle can be accommodated within the rules about proof and evidence and advises on the boundary emerging between the roles of experts and tribunals.

A new form of reassessment proceedings for use in exceptional cases is proposed. Breaking new ground, this book seeks to advance international adjudicatory practice by contextualising developments in the taking of expert evidence and analysing the justification of and potential techniques for a precautionary reversal of the burden of proof, as well as methods for dealing with important scientific discoveries subsequent to judgments and awards.

Environmental Law, International Trade, Public International Law
Part I. Context and Theory:
1. Introduction
2. Cooperation between disputing parties

Part II. Expert Evidence:
3. Methods for taking expert evidence in scientific disputes
4. The role of adjudicators and the role of experts

Part III. Burden of Proof:
5. Getting to the heart of the rules on burden of proof
6. Reversing the burden of proof to give effect to the precautionary principle

Part IV. The Finality of Adjudication:
7. Finality, revision and nullity in scientific cases
8. Reassessment proceedings and res judicata
9. Conclusion.