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Vol 21 No 9 Sept/Oct 2016

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Necessity, Proportionality and the Use of Force by States

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ISBN13: 9780521837521
ISBN: 0521837529
Published: December 2004
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: UK
Format: Hardback
Price: £89.99
Paperback edition , ISBN13 9780521173490

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There has been considerable debate in the international community as to the legality of the forceful actions in Kosovo in 1999, Afghanistan in 2002 and Iraq in 2003 under the United Nations Charter. There has been consensus, however, that the use of force in all these situations had to be both proportional and necessary. Against the background of these recent armed conflicts, this book offers the first comprehensive assessment of the twin requirements of proportionality and necessity as legal restraints on the forceful actions of States. It also provides a much-needed examination of the relationship between proportionality in the law on the use of force and international humanitarian law.

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Public International Law
Table of cases
List of abbreviations
1. The place of necessity and proportionality in restraints on the forceful actions of states
2. Necessity, proportionality and the forceful actions of states prior to the adoption of the United Nations Charter in 1945
3. Proportionality and combatants in modern international humanitarian law
4. Proportionality and civilians in modern international humanitarian law
5. Necessity, proportionality and the unilateral use of force in the era of the United Nations Charter
6. Necessity, proportionality and the United Nations system: collective actions involving the use of force