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Vol 21 No 10 Oct/Nov 2016

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Medical Confidentiality and Crime

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ISBN13: 9780754622949
ISBN: 0754622940
Published: April 2005
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing Ltd
Country of Publication: UK
Format: Hardback
Price: £95.00



Despatched in 5 to 7 days.

Medical confidentiality is universally recognised as a value worth protecting. However, difficulties arise when confidential medical information becomes relevant in the context of crime prevention and criminal prosecution. Should medical confidentiality be upheld where the physician holds information which is essential for the investigation of a serious crime; for establishing the truth in a criminal trial; for an accused's defence; or for the prevention of a criminal offence? And according to which criteria should such decisions be made?

Based on an examination of different approaches in medical ethics and a comparison of the relevant law of France, Germany, England and Wales and the US, this book analyses how a balance of the competing interests can best be struck.

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Subjects:
Medical Law, Criminal Law
Contents:
Ethical considerations: Main schools of medical ethics; Autonomy, privacy and confidentiality; Conflicts of interests in the context of criminal prosecution and crime prevention; Conclusion. European law: Protection of Medical Confidentiality: European convention on human rights; European convention on human rights and biomedicine; Data protection directive 95/46/EC; European charter of fundamental rights. Disclosure in the Context of Crime Prevention and Criminal Prosecution: Criminal prosecution; Conflicting defence rights; Crime prevention; Summary. French law: Protection of Medical Confidentiality: Medical confidentiality as a fundamental right; Protection under criminal law; Protection under private law; Professional obligation; Summary. Disclosure in the Context of Crime Prevention and Criminal Prosecution: General and absolute obligation of medical confidentiality; Obligation to give testimony; Defence rights of the physician; Effects of the patient's consent; Obligation to disclose certain information; Admissibility of the physician's testimony; Search for and seizure of medical records; Summary and conclusion. German law: Protection of Medical Confidentiality: Medical confidentiality as a fundamental right; Protection under criminal law; Protection under contract and tort law; Professional obligation; Summary. Disclosure in the Context of Crime Prevention and Criminal Prosecution: A physician's testimony in criminal court; Crime prevention; Confidential material exempt from search and seizure; Summary and conclusion. English law: Protection of Medical Confidentiality: Medical confidentiality as a fundamental right; Contractual obligation; Equitable duty; Statutory obligations and criminal offences; Professional obligation; Summary. Disclosure in the Context of Crime Prevention and Criminal Prosecution: State access to confidential medical information; Voluntary disclosure by the physician; Summary and conclusion. American law: Protection of Medical Confidentiality: Constitutional privacy protection; Statutory obligations; Private law actions for breach of medical confidentiality; Professional obligation; Summary. Disclosure in the Context of Crime Prevention and Criminal Prosecution: Federal law; State law; Summary and conclusion. Comparative conclusions: Protection of Medical Confidentiality - Constitutional protection; Scope and means of protection; Differences between common law and civil law approaches. Disclosure in the Context of Crime Prevention and Criminal Prosecution: Medical privilege in criminal courts; Defence rights; Crime prevention. Concluding Remarks.