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Vol 23 No 5 May/June 2018

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Commentary on the First Geneva Convention: Volume 1: Convention (I) for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field

ISBN13: 9781316621233
Published: December 2016
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: UK
Format: Paperback
Price: £60.00
Hardback edition , ISBN13 9781107170100

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The application and interpretation of the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their two Additional Protocols of 1977 have developed significantly in the sixty years since the ICRC first published its Commentaries on these important humanitarian treaties.

To promote a better understanding of, and respect for, this body of law, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) commissioned a comprehensive update of its original Commentaries, of which this is the first volume. The First Convention is a foundational text of international humanitarian law.

It contains the essential rules on the protection of the wounded and sick, those assigned to their care, and the red cross and red crescent emblems.

This article-by-article commentary takes into account developments in the law and practice to provide up-to-date interpretations of the Convention. The new Commentary has been reviewed by humanitarian law practitioners and academics from around the world. It is an essential tool for anyone working or studying within this field.

Human Rights and Civil Liberties, Public International Law, International Criminal Law

Part I. General Provisions:
Article 1. Respect for the Convention
Article 2. Application of the Convention
Article 3. Conflicts not of an international character
Article 4. Application by neutral powers
Article 5. Duration of application
Article 6. Special agreements
Article 7. Non-renunciation of rights
Article 8. Protecting Powers
Article 9. Activities of the ICRC and other impartial humanitarian organizations
Article 10. Substitutes for protecting powers
Article 11. Conciliation procedure

Part II. Wounded and Sick:
Article 12. Protection and care of the wounded and sick
Article 13. Protected persons
Article 14. Status of the wounded and sick who have fallen into enemy hands
Article 15. Search for casualties. Evacuation
Article 16. Recording and forwarding of information
Article 17. Prescriptions regarding the dead. Graves Registration Service
Article 18. Role of the population

Part III. Medical Units and Establishments:
Article 19. Protection of medical units and establishments
Article 20. Protection of hospital ships
Article 21. Discontinuance of protection of medical units and establishments
Article 22. Conditions not depriving medical units and establishments of protection
Article 23. Hospital zones and localities

Part IV. Personnel:
Article 24. Protection of permanent personnel
Article 25. Protection of auxiliary personnel
Article 26. Personnel of aid societies
Article 27. Societies of neutral societies
Article 28. Retained personnel
Article 29. Status of auxiliary personnel who have fallen into enemy hands
Article 30. Return of medical and religious personnel
Article 31. Selection of personnel for return
Article 32. Return of personnel belonging to neutral countries

Part V. Buildings and Material: Article 33. Buildings and material of medical units and establishments
Article 34. Property of aid societies

Part VI. Medical Transports:
Article 35. Protection of medical transports
Article 36. Medical aircraft
Article 37. Flight over neutral countries. Landing of the wounded and sick
Part VII. The Distinctive Emblem:
Article 38. Emblem of the Convention
Article 39. Use of the emblem
Article 40. Identification of medical and religious personnel
Article 41. Identification of auxiliary personnel
Article 42. Marking of medical units and establishments
Article 43. Marking of units of neutral countries
Article 44. Restrictions in the use of the emblem. Exceptions

Part VIII. Execution of the Convention:
Article 45. Detailed execution. Unforeseen cases
Article 46. Prohibition of reprisals
Article 47. Dissemination of the Convention
Article 48. Translations. Implementing laws and regulations
Part IX. Repression of Abuses and Infractions:
Article 49. Penal sanctions
Article 50. Grave breaches
Article 51. Responsibilities of the contracting parties
Article 52. Enquiry procedure
Article 53. Misuse of the emblem
Article 54. Prevention of misuse of the emblem
Final provisions
Article 55. Languages
Article 56. Signature
Article 57. Ratification
Article 58. Coming into force
Article 59. Relation to previous conventions
Article 60. Accession
Article 61. Notification of accessions
Article 62. Immediate effect
Article 63. Denunciation
Article 64. Registration with the United Nations
Testimonium and signature clause.

Series: Commentaries on the 1949 Geneva Conventions