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Vol 23 No 6 June/July 2018

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Cover of Drafting Commercial Agreements

Drafting Commercial Agreements

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Data protection handbook

Environmental Taxes and Trade Discrimination

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ISBN13: 9789041107480
ISBN: 9041107487
Published: December 0002
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
Format: Hardback
Price: £175.00

Despatched in 9 to 11 days.

Environmental taxes, relatively new legal instruments in the late-1990s, are likely to constitute an essential part of countries' efforts to avoid environmental degradation.;This work analyzes inconsistencies in various categories of environmental taxes and the non-discrimination provisions of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 and how such conflicts can be resolved within the existing rules. As non-discrimination obligations are fundamental rules in the multilateral trading system, such potential conflicts carry great importance, both for the regime for the liberalization of international trade and for environmental protection measures.;The author provides a detailed analysis of the role and nature of environmental taxes. The book assesses the extent to which the relevant provisions of GATT 1994 may impede the use of these taxes, in light of the non-discrimination provisions, the general exceptions, and the rules concerning nullification or impairment of benefits. The work also examines the possibilities of eliminating potential conflicts between environmental measures in general and the provisions of GATT 1994.;The book offers an understanding of the complexities of and working with this aspect of international environmental law.

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Part I: 1. Introduction.
2. Environmental Problems and Strategies to Deal with Them - The Role of Environmental Taxes.
3. Introduction to Relevant Rules and Principles of GATT/WTO. Part II: Internal Taxes.
4. General Introduction.
5. The Scope of Article III.
6. Product-Similarity Clauses.
7. Domestic and Foreign Products are Subject to Separate Tax Arrangements - Explicit Discrimination.
8. Domestic and Foreign Products are Subject to the Same Tax Arrangement - Implicit Discrimination. Part III: General Exceptions.
9. General Issues.
10. Policy Purposes Covered by Article XX.
11. Requirements Concerning the Relationship between the Contested Measure and its Purpose.
12. The Preamble to Article XX. Part IV: Nullification or Impairment of Benefits.
13. General Introduction.
14. Violation of the Agreement.
15. Non-Violation Nullification or Impairment.
16. Summary and Conclusions. Annexes: Cases: Cases under the WTO-Agreement. Cases under GATT 1947. Miscellaneous. Documents: WTO. GATT 1947. Guide to Documents Related to the WTO and GATT 1947 - WTO Documents. GATT 1947 Documents. Preparatory Works. League of Nations Documents. Treaties. Resolutions, Declarations, Recommendations, etc. Norwegian Acts and Regulations. Norwegian Official Documents. Miscellaneous.

Series: International Environmental Law and Policy

Assessing Biological Resources ISBN 9789041120878
Published July 2004
Kluwer Law International
Economic Globalization and Compliance with International Environmental Agreements
ISBN 9789041119957
Published January 2003
Kluwer Law International
Liability for Damage to Public Natural Resources ISBN 9789041117243
Published October 2001
Kluwer Law International
Implementing International Environmental Law in Germany and China ISBN 9789041198433
Published July 2001
Kluwer Law International
Coastal State Jurisdiction Over Vessel-source Pollution ISBN 9789041111272
Published July 2001
Kluwer Law International
Multilateral Development Banking
Gunther HandlEberhard P. Deutsch Professor of Public International Law, Tulane University Law School, USA
ISBN 9789041198075
Published April 2001
Kluwer Law International
International Fisheries Management
Stuart M. KayeProfessor of Law, James Cook University, Queensland, Australia
ISBN 9789041198204
Published December 2000
Kluwer Law International
European Waste Law ISBN 9789041106728
Published June 1998
Kluwer Law International
International Environmental Law in the Asia Pacific ISBN 9789041107060
Published January 1998
Kluwer Law International
Competing Norms in the Law of Marine Environmental Protection
ISBN 9789041106995
Published October 1997
Kluwer Law International
The Scarcity of Water
ISBN 9789041106575
Published June 1997
Kluwer Law International
Codification of Environmental Law
ISBN 9789041108883
Published July 1996
Kluwer Law International
International Law and the Conservation of Biological Diversity
ISBN 9789041108630
Published December 1995
Kluwer Law International
The Environmental Policy of the European Communities 2nd ed
Stanley P. Johnson, Guy CorcelleEuropean Commission, DG XI, Brussels, Belgium
ISBN 9789041108623
Published September 1995
Kluwer Law International
Civil Liability for Transfrontier Pollution
Gerrit BetlemUniversity of Utrecht, Netherlands
ISBN 9781853339516
Published July 1995
Kluwer Law International
Negotiating International Regimes
ISBN 9781859660775
Published March 1995
Kluwer Law International
New Technologies and Law of the Marine Environment ISBN 9789041197566
Published December 0002
Kluwer Law International