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Vol 21 No 11 Nov/Dec 2016

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Variable Scope of the Exclusive Economic Rights in Copyright


ISBN13: 9789041149152
Published: May 2014
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
Country of Publication: The Netherlands
Format: Hardback
Price: £140.00



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Which ‘uses’ of a work can an author protect and which exclusive economic rights under copyright can she rely upon to exercise this control?

There was a time when the answer was straightforward, but with each major technological development it takes a while before the legal protection is recalibrated to the new situation, the techniques and the new economic exploitations they enabled. Today the understanding of the uses protected under copyright has become bewilderingly complex because of digital technologies and the profound changes they brought to the world we live in.

This book offers a thorough analysis of the question of the scope of protection under current international and European law, one cannot find a clearer explication – or more useful recommendations – than in this book.

The author describes two distinct but interwoven aspects of copyright: the reproduction right, and the rights of communication to the public. These aspects are examined as they are touched upon under several international instruments, including the Berne Convention and the WIPO Copyright Treaty and in European law under the Computer Programs Directive, the Directive on Satellite and Cable, the Database Directive and the Information Society Directive and their interpretation by the European Court of Justice.

The author pays particular attention to the role that technologies play in relation to the definition of the protected act and to the exploitation of the work. In a concluding chapter, she lays bare the central object of protection of the exploitation rights, and proposes a method to align the scope of protection of both rights to this central object, spelling out principles that must be observed in order to achieve a more consistent protection that is less vulnerable to technical contingencies.

Along the way all the essential issues arise for discussion. These include the following:-

  • reach and end point of the protected acts of reproduction and communication to the public;
  • coexistence of communication to the public and reproduction;
  • intermediate transmissions between distributors that are not accessible to end-users;
  • distribution rights;
  • online transmissions;
  • (anticipated) exploitation;
  • temporary reproductions that are an integral and essential part of a technological process;
  • access on demand;
Important legal terms – simple-looking but far from susceptible to clear definition, such as ‘by any means and in any form’, ‘in whole or in part’, ‘making available’, and even ‘the public’ – are discussed in all relevant contexts.

This book stands out for its dedicated effort to sever the relevant characteristics from the irrelevant ones in current copyright matters, and to apply criteria that embody the protection that copyright was meant to confer on (certain) uses enabled by new technologies. Its remarkable insights will greatly assist interested lawyers and academics to better understand the role of complex digital network technologies in copyright law, and how to approach such technologies as they work to protect authors from unauthorized exploitation.

Subjects:
Intellectual Property Law, Law and Economics
Contents:
Preface.
Introduction.

Part 1. The Reproduction Right.
I. International Framework.
II. European Framework.
III. Conclusions on the Reproduction Right.

Part 2. The Rights of Communication to the Public.
I. International Framework.
II. European Framework.
III. Conclusions on the Rights of Communication to the Public.

Part 3. Towards a Consistent Scope of Protection.

Bibliography.
Cited Cases.
Index.