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Vol 21 No 11 Nov/Dec 2016

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The Birth of Japan's Postwar Constitution New ed

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ISBN13: 9780813334950
ISBN: 0813334950
Published: June 2000
Publisher: The Perseus Books Group
Format: Paperback
Price: £31.99



This 1989 Yoshino Sakuzo prize-winning book is essential reading for understanding Japans postwar constitution, political and social history, and foreign policy. In this, the most complete English account of the origins of Japans Constitution, the author presents new interpretations of the behind-the-scenes actors who shaped the Japanese Constitution: the petulant General Douglas MacArthur, Japanese defenders of the conservative order, Japanese liberal and socialist reformers, and moderate Allies sitting on the Far Eastern Commission. }This 1989 Yoshino Sakuzo prize-winning book is essential reading for understanding Japans postwar constitution, political and social history, and foreign policy. The most complete English account of the origins of Japans constitution, it analyzes the dramatic events of 19451946 that lead to the birth of Japans new constitution.;Koseki Shoichi challenges t he simplicity of the current interpretation that General Douglas MacArthur in February 1946, faced with inept Japanese efforts at constitutional reform and Soviet interference through the Far Eastern Commission, secretly ordered his staff to write a constitution in seven days and then imposed it on Japan. Differentiating between the adoption procedure and the framing process, the author argues that the latter was varied, complicated, and rich, going beyond the actions of two nations and their representatives. It involved the clash of legal ideas, the conflicting efforts of individuals of different cultures and different political persuasions, and significant contributions by people with no connection to government.Drawing on Japanese, American, and Australian archives as well as recent scholarly research, Koseki presents new and stimulating interpretations of MacArthurs actions, the Ashida amendment of Article 9, Yoshidas role, and much more.;Criticizing Japanese conservative defenders of the old order, he explores Japanese liberal and socialist ideas on constitutional reform and reevaluates the Far Eastern Commissions influence on MacArthurs policies and on the shaping of the basic principles of Japans antiwar constitution. }

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Contents:
Introduction: Seeking a New Perspective; The Probing Begins; Restoration of the Peoples Rights Ideology; Captive Legal Scholars: The Committee to Study the Constitutional Problems; A Week in a Secret Room: Writing the SCAP Draft; A Second Defeat Imposed on Japan?; The Struggle to Japanize the American Draft; MacArthur Against the Storm; The Draft Constitution in the Last Imperial Diet; Behind the Ashida Amendment of Article 9; Blooming Brightly in May: Popularizers of the Constitution; Yoshida Shigerus Counterattack; The Forgotten Sequel